Brothers Ralph and John. The Baddeley family potted in the Staffordshire township of Shelton for fifty years. For a thorough discussion of the Baddeley family and how they affected Staffordshire pottery and printing, see the Northern Ceramic Society Journal, Volume 16.
bat printed
An overglaze printing method that uses a flat piece of flexible animal-hide glue pressed into an oiled, engraved design plate. The printer presses the glue bat to the surface of the pot, pounces on powdered glaze (typically black or red), carefully wipes away the excess glaze and then fires the piece in an enamel kiln.
Pottery or porcelain that has been fired but not glazed.
black basalt
Stoneware stained black with the addition of iron and manganese. Usually unglazed except for the interior of tea and coffee wares. Introduced in the mid 18th century and marketed by Josiah Wedgwood who made it a popular body for wares in the classical taste. Black basalt continued to be popular into the 19th century.
black printing
An early name for bat printing.
bone china
A form of porcelain developed in England in the late 18th century. Chinese porcelain used china clay (kaolin) and china stone (petunste). Bone China includes a large amount of calcined (burnt) animal bone , recipes are often given as 25% china clay, 25% china stone 50% bone ash. Bone ash adds whiteness and helps fusion of the raw materials during firing.